Greetings, AEA365 Readers! I am Dr. Nancy Bridier, Senior Doctoral Adjunct at Grand Canyon University, Public Sector Representative, and Board Member for the Southeast Evaluation Association (SEA). I am also an Independent Consultant based in the Florida panhandle. Communication with our clients is part of our practice, but are we communicating effectively? I would like to share tips for effective stakeholder communication.
Rad Resource: Stakeholders are not just those who contract our services, but may also include those affected by the program. This may depend on their relationship to and interest in the program. Explore the University of Kansas Community Toolbox checklist for identifying stakeholders.
- What to communicate and why: Effective communication is not just about the technology we use, but its purpose. I have emailed written reports and presented PowerPoint slides to communicate findings. While these are commonly used tools, they are not always effective for every stakeholder. Understand the type of information stakeholders want and how they prefer to receive it. It may be text, numbers, graphics (charts, tables), visual, or combination. If your stakeholders are in a different area, a web conferencing tool, such as Zoom or WebEx, is a great interactive way to communicate with stakeholders. They also allow stakeholders to ask questions and receive immediate answers. These tools allow you the opportunity to observe stakeholder reactions.
- When to communicate: Effective communication begins with the initial meeting. Establish a clear outline of the stakeholders’ purpose, questions, timelines, and communication processes. Communicate throughout the project to ensure nothing has changed. Engage stakeholders in decision-making. Inform the stakeholders of progress. Better Evaluation.org offers some great tips, tools, and methods of communicating findings to stakeholders after the evaluation is completed.
- Considerations: Some evaluators invite stakeholders to review a draft report as part of their communicating and reporting strategy. Before engaging in this practice, consider the costs and ethical implications of accepting a stakeholder’s revisions to a draft evaluation report.
- Communicating findings: Share the procedures and lessons learned. Know your stakeholders to convey information effectively. Define terminology. Avoid using jargon. Demonstrate results and accountability. Focus on success and improvement. Outline changes to the program to improve outcomes.
On my first program evaluation, I failed to establish communication guidelines to the primary stakeholder. During an eight-week parent education program, the stakeholder changed the assessment instrument based on responses on the pretest. Needless to say, we had to complete more than one cycle of the program to establish a baseline for comparison. Let your stakeholders know communication is a collaborative process. Inform them about the type of information that you need, and the steps of the evaluation process.
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