AEA365 | A Tip-a-Day by and for Evaluators

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I am David Bernstein, CEO of DJB Evaluation Consulting and Past-President of Washington Evaluators, the DC-based local AEA affiliate, and the Evaluation 2017 Conference Co-chair.

I have a career-long commitment to volunteering as a Red Cross volunteer (CPR instructor, blood donor), a Board member with Washington Evaluators, and a frequent volunteer with AEA. Giving back is a gift to me because I learn so much and get to expand my leadership skills.

I have been a volunteer for the AEA annual conference nearly every year it has been held, and am a member of the AEA Conference Working Group. While the AEA staff do a remarkable amount of work to pull the AEA conference together, it is the membership that pull the conference together. Most frequently I have volunteered to review conference proposals as part of the Topical Interest Group (TIG) review process, which establish the conference strands.

Lesson Learned: It was through my role as a TIG Chair that I had the honor of knowing and learning from Bob Ingle, who was the AEA Annual Conference Chair for the first 10 years of the AEA conference. As Jean King so eloquently described him, “Bob Ingle knew how to put on a conference.” (See her post, Memorial Week: Jean King on Remembering Bob Ingle (1926-1998), Pioneer in establishing the annual AEA conference”). What did I learn about volunteering for AEA and the AEA Conference from Bob Ingle? A lot, and I was not alone. AEA named its Service Award after Bob Ingle!

In 2002 and 2013 I had the honor of serving as AEA Conference Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG) Co-chair. What I learned was that the most important role of the LAWG co-chairs is to recruit other volunteers. In 2013 my fellow LAWG Co-chair Valerie Caracelli (a Robert Ingle Service Award winner) and I worked with a group of over 70 volunteers from Washington Evaluators to provide local information about DC and help with conference planning and logistics.

Rad Resource: The 2017 LAWG Co-chairs, Giovanni Dazzo and Jonathan Jones, have been working with a large number of volunteers on several initiatives for the Conference. Stop by the “Ask Me About DC” table to say hi to a friendly volunteer or two who can give you all sorts of interesting information about the DC area.

For Evaluation 2017 I had the honor of working with Kathy Newcomer, our 2017 AEA President, and a diverse group of volunteers on Kathy’s Conference Program Committee. A group of 17 of us worked with Kathy to develop the conference theme and subthemes, coordinate with the TIGs, assemble the Presidential Strand, identify plenary session speakers, and help Kathy in a variety of other ways. Susan Tucker (AEA’s Treasurer, another important volunteer position), Donna Podems (a former AEA Board Member), and I served as the Conference Program Co-chairs.

Hot Tip: Want to be an AEA volunteer? Check the AEA Volunteer Opportunities page, and find something in which you are interested. You too can make a difference in AEA, and in the evaluation profession.

Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to submit an aea365 Tip? Please send a note of interest to aea365@eval.org . aea365 is sponsored by the American Evaluation Association and provides a Tip-a-Day by and for evaluators.

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My name is Rodney Hopson, former AEA President and current Program Director (with Brandi Gilbert) of the AEA Graduate Education Diversity Internship (GEDI) Program, which is currently housed in the College of Education and Human Development at George Mason University where I am faculty in the education policy program.

I am excited to welcome colleagues this fall to Evaluation 2017 in Washington, DC, for at least two reasons:

1) The conference theme, From Learning to Action, could not come at a more propitious time in our nation and in our world. The four subthemes: learning to enhance evaluation practices, learning what works and why, learning from others, and learning about evaluation users and uses imply that we evaluators ought to make good use of the lessons we learn in our practice, discipline, and profession. We have plenty of examples in our global and local communities which reveal how intolerance, hate, and bitterness continue to rip at the fibers of our democratic possibilities of equity and social cohesion. If anything, the events of Charlottesville in early August point to how far we have to go. The conference is a call to action in the complex ecologies of our practice where relationships matter; we have a responsibility to act and to find relevance in solving the wicked problems in our practice.

Hot Tip: Find a way to move from learning to action while attending Evaluation 2017. For instance, our local affiliate has ways to become active through Evaluation without Borders, where you can lend a hand to local community-based agencies. Or, find a way to visit your local representative through EvalAction.

2) Washington, DC is a great city to see, rich with ethnically and linguistically diverse neighborhoods and communities with yummy food to eat, places to visit, and people to see!

Just last week, my wife Deborah and I strolled east of the River in the Anacostia Historic District where we visited the Anacostia Community Museum and Cedar Hill, home of the famous abolitionist Frederick Douglass.  African-Americans have an inspiring and proud history in the city that dates back as early as 1800, when they made up 25% of the population according to documents found in publications about the African American Heritage Trail.

Hot Tip: See how many locations you can find on the heritage trail and make a half day of it by visiting several before you leave the city:

  • Take in a show at the Howard Theater,
  • Visit the African American Civil War Memorial and Museum,
  • Check out the city’s first independent black Episcopal church, St. Luke’s, under the leadership of Alexander Crummell, noted missionary, intellectual, and clergyman, and
  • Check the Phyllis Wheatley YWCA, or even sites in Georgetown, the city’s oldest neighborhood.

Come to Evaluation 2017 ready to learn! Get nourished on what the city has to offer and get ready to act as you leave!

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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Hello everyone!  Yvonne M. Watson here.  I’m a long-time member (almost 15 years) of AEA and a doctoral student at The George Washington University’s Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration.  I’d like to share a few brief lessons learned on the topic of Evaluation Users and Evaluation Use, one of four focus areas for the 2017 Conference theme Evaluation: From Learning to Action.

Perhaps the greatest thrill of victory and agony of defeat for any evaluator is the use of the evaluation report and findings.  Many of the evaluation field’s pioneers, thought leaders, and emerging practitioners have written extensively on this topic.  Understanding the many facets of use including evaluation users, uses, barriers and the facilitation of greater use can help evaluators strategically invest their time and resources to ensure the evaluation is designed with the intended use and user in mind.  Here are a few things to consider.

Lessons Learned:

Know Your Audience.  Understanding the intended user is critical. Evaluation users can include managers and staff responsible for managing and administering federal, state and local government programs, and non-profit and for profit organizations. Funders, academic researchers, Congressional members and staff, policy makers, citizens groups, and other evaluators are also intended users of evaluations.

Understand How the Evaluation will be Used.   Carol Weiss offered the field four categories of use for evaluation findings.  Instrumental use involves the use of evaluation findings for decision making to influence a specific program or a policy more broadly.  Evaluation findings that generate new ideas and concepts, promote and foster learning about the program is considered conceptual/ enlightenment useExternal influence on other institutions and organizations involves the use of evaluation results by entities outside of the organization that commissioned the evaluation.  Evaluation findings that are used symbolically or politically to “justify preexisting preferences and actions” is considered political use.  The use of evaluation findings for accountability, monitoring and development were introduced by Michael Quinn Patton.

Explore the Potential Barriers to Use.  Barriers might limit the use of the evaluation:  timeliness (results not available when needed to inform decision-making); insufficient resources (lack of resources to implement recommendations); or the absence of a learning culture (culture of continuous learning and program improvement).

Consider Strategies to Facilitate Use.  Design your evaluation with the intended use and user in mind. Michael Quinn Patton introduced the field to Utilization-Focused Evaluation which emphasizes evaluation design that facilitates use by the intended users.  Lastly, clearly communicate evaluation results.  Recently, data visualization has emerged as a strategy to address evaluation use by communicating the research and findings in a way that will help evaluation users and make decisions.

Rad Resources:

Have We Learned Anything New About the Use of Evaluation , Carol Weiss

Utilization-Focused Evaluation , Michael Quinn Patton

AEA Data-Visualization and Reporting Topical Interest Group

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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Hi, I am Teresa Derrick-Mills, a researcher and evaluator at the Urban Institute in DC. I love learning and researching at the intersections of policy and practice, research and translation to practice, and issues or problems that invite a multi-disciplinary or multi-policy area approach. Today, I am here to spark your interest in the Evaluation 2017 Learning from Others Conference Track.

Given the interdisciplinary nature of evaluation, you might be wondering, who is an “other” that I might learn from? Where can I or should I look to expand my evaluation toolbox to generate appropriate evidence in this complex and dynamic world? In this context, I see the “other” through at least 5 dimensions:

  1. Other researchers who don’t identify as evaluators but whose work we can learn from (see conference tip below for some examples)
  2. Other individuals who could be both the subjects of and participants in our research
  3. Other evaluators whose methodological expertise differs from ours
  4. Other evaluators whose cultures differ from ours
  5. Other evaluators whose evaluation environments differ from ours

Hot Tip – For the Conference:

The President’s Strand includes some sessions that have been very intentionally crafted to expand our learning from others toolkit. See session 3517 to learn from feminism, session 2105 to learn from game theory, session 3260 to learn from implementation science, and session 1686 to learn from each other the ways that race and class influence our evaluation designs and findings.

Hot Tip – for the local DC area:

One great place to learn from others is the National Geographic Museum, my personal favorite. You can take the Metro Red Line down to Farragut North. It isn’t one of the free museums, but the vivid, wall-size pictures provide new perspectives to think about the world (and how to study it) in new ways.

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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Greetings! We are Estelle Raimondo, an Evaluation Specialist at the World Bank, and Karol Olejniczak, an Associate Professor at the University of Warsaw. Like most of you we are evaluation nerds and we can’t wait to join thousands of you in DC in November to learn about “what works and why.” We had the opportunity to work with Prof. Newcomer on conceptualizing this year’s conference, so let us tell you how this particular strand came about and give you three “hot tips” for how to join the conversation.

Lessons learned: The theme of “learning what works and why” is primarily a call for collective reflections on what we may call the “learning paradox” that Aristotle eloquently articulated in his time: “the more you know, the more you know you don’t know.” For decades, the evaluation community in its wide diversity has gathered evidence about the effectiveness of a vast array of interventions throughout sectors and contexts. The conference is the perfect arena to deliberate on (1) what we know that we didn’t know, let’s say 10 years ago; (2) missed opportunities for cumulative knowledge; and (2) how we can convey this evidence to policy makers and practitioners.

Hot Tip #1: Even if you are not a methods geek like us, you may want to attend a session on the latest thinking on causal inference. Whether it is through advancement in systems thinking, experiments, or qualitative methods of causal inference, many of us are pushing methodological boundaries to crack the causal nut. For instance, Estelle has used process tracing to assess the impact of engaging citizens on the quality of public services in developing countries. If you are interested, you can join us in November for a demonstration session on the topic.

Rad Resource: A detailed guide on using QCA in evaluations

Hot tip #2: Attend a session that is not strictly in your field. If you are an education expert, why not join a session on what we have learned about effective service delivery in transportation or peace-building?  That way we can test the generalizability of each other’s work by simply talking to one another. We bet you that given the common underlying behavioral and social mechanisms that affect interventions’ successes and failures, we have a lot to learn from each other.

Rad Resource: a professional network working on this

Hot tip #3: Learning what works and why is not useful if it doesn’t make it to the ear of practitioners and decision-makers from different communities. Try to participate in a session that ponders on this issue or learn from other fields, for instance on how to use games to test proposals for new regulations in a safe environment.

Rad Resource: an insightful article on the topic

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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This is Susan Tucker, Treasurer of AEA and an independent evaluator (Evaluation & Development Associates LLC). As a member of AEA’s Competencies Task Force, I welcome you all to learn more about the task force’s progress at Evaluation 2017.

Our 16 member task force led by Jean King was charged by AEA’s Board in 2015 to explore and refine a unified set of evaluator professional competencies as a next step in AEA’s continuing commitment to our Ends Goals. Since then, we have been actively soliciting AEA member dialog about appropriate next steps in the professionalization of evaluators.  The ultimate goal is to submit this set of professional competencies for our members to ratify.

What the Competency Task Force has been doing:  Since 2015 we have:

  • completed an international crosswalk of competencies across 20 countries and presented at Evaluation 2015
  • created draft competencies and posted five domains on AEA’s website in February 2016 based on Evaluation 2015 listening post results
  • held another listening post at Evaluation 2016 and the 2016 Summer Institute as well as a standing invitation to anyone who visits AEA’s homepage to email us at competencies@eval.org
  • conducted 15 virtual focus groups in Spring 2016 with members from over 30 TIGs and 5 local affiliates, as well as consulted with leaders from other VOPEs regarding:
    1. adequacy of the proposed domains
    2. sub-domain item-level feedback
    3. missing domains and items
    4. uses for the competencies
    5. concerns and opportunities
  • shared results of the focus groups at AEA’s 2016 annual conference—Areas suggested for further attention included: more attention to use and influence, client capacity building, advocacy, teamwork, defining competency and how we are “different” from related fields, role of international members, and clarifying next steps as certification
  • hosted a weeklong aea365 in December 2016 to share the latest five competency domains and solicit additional input
  • made revisions in the competency domains based on 2017 feedback in the early spring followed by designing an online survey to the whole AEA membership to determine if these competencies are the right ones for AEA. The competency survey was piloted in July 2017 in preparation for a September launch to the membership.

What’s next:  Survey results will be analyzed and shared with the board and general membership at Evaluation 2017. Task force members concur that it will be important to continue the work by creating professional development materials to support evaluators, wherever they work.

Hot Tip:  Consistent with the conference theme of “learning to enhance evaluation practices,” our latest learnings will be shared at Evaluation 2017 via three sessions which we hope you will attend.

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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We are Kathryn Newcomer, Director of the Trachtenberg School for Public Policy and Administration at The George Washington University (GWU) and 2017 AEA President, and David Bernstein, CEO of DJB Evaluation Consulting and 2017 AEA Conference Program Co-chair. We have been exploring the relationship between evaluation and learning for over 35 years. David was part of Kathy’s first evaluation cohort at GWU, Kathy was David’s doctoral dissertation advisor, and we have been frequent collaborators, co-authors, and AEA co-presenters.

Evaluation is dependent on learning from each other and putting theory into action. Each learning opportunity presents unique challenges and together, as a community, the 2017 AEA Conference in Washington, DC from November 6 to 11, 2017, will allow us to move beyond these challenges to find solutions to improve our programs and create greater good for society as a whole.

The four conference themes are a way to explore the full lifecycle of an evaluation: learning to enhance evaluation practices; learning what works; learning from others (other evaluations, other professions), and learning about evaluation users and uses. Over the next four days, evaluators who have assisted Kathy with planning the 2017 AEA conference will reflect on each of the subthemes, and provide tips to get the most out of the conference and our host city of Washington, DC. Some blogs will include inside knowledge from members of Washington Evaluators (WE), the local DC area affiliate. We are both enthusiastic Past-Presidents of WE.

Rad Resources: The AEA Conference Program is online. You can see a color coded conference overview at the bottom of the page. The top of the page has a very useful search feature. You can search the conference program by session title, track (Topical Interest Group themes and cross-cutting topics including Presidential Strand sessions), time slot, presenter, and session type. Be sure to look for the keynote sessions and keynote discussions featuring terrific speakers reflecting on different aspects of the conference theme.

Hot Tip: There are some great places to visit in DC before and after the conference. Two of our favorites provide an opportunity to “learn from the animals” and to reflect on what you’ve learned in a beautiful environment. David’s daughters are from China, and when they were younger they enjoyed the Panda statue right outside of the Marriott Wardman Park, the 2017 Conference Headquarters, before a visit to see real pandas at the Smithsonian National Zoo. The Zoo is a short uphill half-mile walk from the Marriott Wardman Park. Want a chance to quietly reflect on what you learned at the AEA Conference? Check out the Hillwood Estate, Museum, and Gardens, a short ride or two mile walk from the Marriott. Reflect on what you learned at the conference, and put your evaluation learning into action by sharing what you learned with others.

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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Jul/17

21

LAWG Week: EvalAction 2017 by Brian Yoder

My name is Brian Yoder, and I am the Director of Assessment, Evaluation, and Institutional Research at the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). I also serve as chair of EvalAction 2017, which is co-sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA), Evaluation Policy Task Force (EPTF) and Washington Evaluations (WE). This initiative coordinates AEA members attending the conference in Washington, D.C. to visit the office of their congressional representative to discuss the value of evaluation in government and to drop off a packet of materials created by EPTF and AEA.

The idea of engaging congressional members in evaluation comes from six years ago when I was working as a temporary civil servant as evaluation manger in the education office of a science and technology focused federal agency. I was charged with providing subject matter expertise for a data system that tracks the agency’s education investments, nationally; and developing capacity to evaluate national education programs. Working for this agency, I found the guidance put out by AEA’s Evaluation Policy Task Force (EPTF) useful to share with colleagues. I would share the documents to help explain the merits of program evaluation, and I believed that government evaluation could be improved by agencies following the program evaluation guidance of AEA and the EPTF.

I was also active in Washington Evaluators, the local Washington, D.C. AEA affiliate which hosts monthly brownbag sessions on a variety of evaluation topics important to government that were often well attended by staff from federal agencies, but staff from congressional offices never attended. I thought there should be a way to engage congressional offices in discussions of the value of evaluation in government, but living in D.C. didn’t provide many opportunities. Visits to congressional offices by D.C. residents likely would be ignored and visits by civil servants were discouraged. However, if congressional offices were visited by residents they serve, the visitors would have the opportunity to speak with congressional staffers about evaluation and promote AEA’s principles of evaluation.

When I learned that the 2013 AEA conference would be in Washington, D.C. I approached AEA’s executive director with the idea of WE working with EPTF to coordinate AEA members coming to Washington, D.C. to visit the office of their congressional representative. After several meetings to discuss the scope of the initiative, Evaluators Visit Capitol Hill, as it was called at the time, was launched in the summer of 2013. In the fall of 2013, despite a government shut-down, a total of 69 AEA members from 31 states and the District of Columbia participated in the initiative. The promotion of quality evaluation and evidence-based policy making in government is more important than ever.

Rad Resource: Want to make a difference? For more information visit, visit our EvalAction registration page.

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

Hi, I’m Giovanni Dazzo, Program Committee Chair for Washington Evaluators (WE) and Chair of the Local Arrangements Working Group for Evaluation 2017.

Last year at Evaluation 2016 in Atlanta, we learned that the Atlanta-area Evaluation Association (AaEA) piloted a pro bono evaluation program. This program connects AaEA members with nonprofits in their area by offering in-kind program planning and evaluation services. Many professional associations also have similar groups, such as the American Statistical Association’s Statistics Without Borders program, which connects statisticians that can provide pro bono services in statistics and data science to organizations that may not have access to these resources.

In the spirit of the Evaluation 2017 theme, ‘From Learning to Action’, Washington Evaluators would like to continue building on the momentum of AeEA’s great program with a new initiative for this year’s conference: Evaluation Without Borders.

This pilot initiative seeks to connect conference attendees with local community-based organizations in need of program planning, measurement and evaluation services. While conferences, and evaluation research, can often be extractive in nature, this effort aims to connect conference-goers in a way where they can meaningfully connect and give back to the Washington, DC community.

In line with AEA’s goals, we hope to not only create opportunities where local nonprofits can begin to build their knowledge and skills to engage in evaluation, but to also create opportunities where evaluators can learn more about Washington, DC and the extraordinary work of those contributing to its vibrant communities.

Rad Resources:

Why not take an extra day off from work and get involved? We’ve created a form on the WE website for those interested in volunteering. Just let us know a bit about your professional experience, program planning and evaluation skills, and volunteer interests. We’ll be scheduling pro bono consultations for November 6-7, but do let us know if you’re interested in volunteering the weeks before or after the conference. We’ll then start the volunteer matching process, so you have enough time to plan your trip for Evaluation 2017.

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

Hello! I’m Jonathan Jones, co-chair of the AEA Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). As the LAWG is responsible for mobilizing local expertise and resources to enhance the annual AEA conference, a big focus of our volunteer work is ensuring that international attendees feel welcomed to the conference and to the Washington, DC area. The LAWG is undertaking a number of tasks on this front that we want to share with you.

Hot Tip: Consider participating in the International Buddy Program. This is an excellent program that connects US-based evaluators with international evaluators to share experiences and ensure that our international participants feel welcomed at the conference. Please visit the conference website if you are interested in participating in the program for AEA 2017. (Thank you to Michelle Tarsilla, who has managed this program for many years).

Hot Tip: Have you attended the annual AEA silent auction? If not, you are really missing out! The proceeds go towards supporting evaluators from developing countries to attend the conference. Last year, AEA was able to support 5 international participants! We want to do even better this year by launching an initiative for corporate sponsorship of the silent auction. If you are interested in learning more about this initiative, including how your company might support the silent auction, please contact Jonathan Jones (jonathanjonesjdj@gmail.com). (And, thank you to Hubert Palmer who has managed the silent auction for many years).

Rad Resources:

  • The LAWG is also working on a number of other initiatives, such as organized tours and transportation from the airport for international attendees. If you’re an international attendee, please let us know your expected arrival time on this form. We’ll then see if one of our LAWG volunteers can meet you at the airport, or connect those arriving at the same time so you can share the cost of a taxi.
  • The LAWG’s ‘Welcome to Washington DC’ committee is busy preparing a number of resources to help ensure that out-of-town participants have a great experience in Washington, DC. In addition to our local resource guide, we will also have an ‘Ask me about D.C.’ table set up near the registration area of the conference. If you know the Washington, DC area well and are interested in volunteering at the table for a 2-hour time slot, please fill out our volunteer interest form.

The LAWG is excited to welcome all AEA 2017 participants to our wonderful city during November 6-11!

We’re looking forward to November and the Evaluation 2017 annual conference all this week with our colleagues in the Local Arrangements Working Group (LAWG). Do you have questions, concerns, kudos, or content to extend this aea365 contribution? Please add them in the comments section for this post on the aea365 webpage so that we may enrich our community of practice. Would you like to contribute to aea365? Review the contribution guidelines and send your draft post to aea365@eval.org.

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