Getting Started with Alt Text by Elizabeth Grim

Hello, AEA365 community! Liz DiLuzio here, Lead Curator of the blog. This week is Individuals Week, which means we take a break from our themed weeks and spotlight the Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources and Lessons Learned from any evaluator interested in sharing. Would you like to contribute to future individuals weeks? Email me at with an idea or a draft and we will make it happen.

Hi, my name is Elizabeth Grim! I am the Founder & Principal Consultant of Elizabeth Grim Consulting, LLC; Curator of AEA365; and Past President of the Eastern Evaluation Research Society (EERS), an AEA Affiliate.

Something that I am continuously exploring in my work is how to make content more accessible, including incorporating alternative text (or alt text) for images. As with everything related to evaluation, writing good alt text is a learning journey, and we get better the more we know and practice.

What is alt text?

Alt text is a written description of images (e.g., pictures, charts, graphs, GIFs, etc.), that provides context and sense-making of an image when it is unable to be accessed visually. For example, screen readers interpret alt text for those who are blind or have a visual impairment, while websites display alt text in place of an image when a browser is not loading the content.

You may have seen alt text listed in HTML on a website as: alt=”description of the image here”. Or perhaps you have seen a text description pop up as you hover over an image.

Here’s a recent example of alt text describing a GIF I posted on Twitter:

Tweet about the need for rest with a GIF showing snoopy crawling into bed and the text, "let yourself rest."
Original alt text of the GIF on Twitter: Snoopy crawls into bed, scratches his chin, pulls the covers up, and turns the light off before laying down to go to sleep. The text, “let yourself rest” overlays the image.

Hot Tips

  • Add alt text to meaningful images. Provide alt text for all images that add meaning to the document. You can mark content such as page borders or line breaks as decorative so that the screen reader understands which images are important and need to be interpreted.
  • Consider the context. Think about the context in which the image is being shared. What information or feeling is the visual trying to convey? What information might someone miss if they cannot view the image?
  • Be clear, concise, and accurate. Write the description in a simple, clear, and brief sentence. For example, provide the takeaway message instead of providing every level of detail for a chart. If you want to know how the description will sound, try a test using a screen reader.
  • Include any words or phrases in the image. If your visual includes text or words, be sure to include those in the alt text.
  • Avoid redundancy. When starting out with alt text, you may find yourself beginning the description with the words “image of” or “picture of” (I sure did!). Screen readers are advanced enough to understand what is an image, so you can begin the alt text immediately with the description.
  • Look for inspiration: I find inspiration for alt text by looking at how other organizations are describing their images. One of my favorites is the National Park Service Instagram account. 

Rad Resources

What are you learning and trying when incorporating alt text in your work?

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